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佐武義昌 Satake Yoshimasa(1538年-1620年) 天文十八年(1549)12歲時就接受了鐵炮的訓練,童年在湊氏和岡氏的戰鬥中完成了初陣。弘治元年(1555)18歲時進入根來寺,在福寶院修行。童年根來的蓮花谷與菩提谷交戰,由於福寶院屬於蓮花谷,義昌便也參加了戰鬥。之後他開始作為僱傭兵行動。 佐武義昌一度前往四國,以田畑70町的俸祿侍奉長宗我部氏的宿敵本山茂辰。當時受到長宗我部、本山兩家爭相勸誘,但由於本山氏更先邀請,於是侍奉本山氏。永祿三年(1560)在戶之本之戰中與長宗我部國親、長宗我部元親父子交戰,本山軍戰敗,義昌也敗走回到了雜賀。 元龜元年(1570)石山合戰爆發,義昌與鈴木重秀一起與織田信長交戰,在織田信長征伐紀州時也十分活躍。豐臣秀吉征伐紀州時,義昌與的場源四郎昌長一同作為大將奮戰,守護雜賀城。據說,在雜賀眾與根來眾滅亡後,他也進行了頑強的抵抗。之後,雖然他逃到了紀伊·熊野的山中,但被在紀伊征伐之後赴任紀伊半島的淺野幸長以1000石俸祿延攬,致力於紀伊町與寺院的重建。 慶長十八年(1613),38歲的淺野幸長去世,佐武義昌出仕幸長的弟弟淺野長晟。元和五年(1619),淺野長晟轉封安藝廣島42萬石,義昌跟隨。 元和六年(1620)去世,享年83歲。 作者 Rixhelieu 譯文出處 https://www.nobuwiki.org/forum/topic/招募人物誌日文翻譯人員/?part=16#postid-12448 日文出處 http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%BD%90%E6%AD%A6%E7%BE%A9%E6%98%8C
伊東長實 Ito Nagazane(1560年-1629年) 生於永祿三年(1560),尾張國岩倉的國人·伊東長久的長男。祖上與日向國飫肥藩的伊東氏同宗。 天正元年(1573)進攻小谷城時仕官織田氏,成為羽柴秀吉的屬下,被提拔為大母衣眾。在攻打別所氏時建立功勛,留有受到織田信長賞賜肋差的記錄。之後作為羽柴秀吉的手下轉戰各地,被列入黃母衣眾24人之一。 天正十八年(1590)隨軍參加小田原征伐,攻打山中城時獲得一番功,戰後在天正十九年(1591)時得到備中川邊1萬300石領地,成為大名。文祿·慶長之役時駐扎在肥前國的名護屋。 慶長五年(1600),留有早早地向為了征伐會津而駐扎在下野國小山的德川家康通報了石田三成舉兵的消息的功績。因為這個功績,雖然伊東長實後來在大阪之陣時作為豐臣方入城,作為大阪七手組頭與德川家康敵對,但仍然與青木一重一同被允許繼續作為大名存在。在幾乎所有豐臣方大名的領地都被奪去的情況下,這一處置是一個特例。也因此有人認為長實之前進入大阪城是在為德川方進行間諜活動。 晚年剃髮入道,號宗德。寬永六年(1629)二月十七日去世,享年七十歲。 作者 Rixhelieu 譯文出處 https://www.nobuwiki.org/forum/topic/招募人物誌日文翻譯人員/?part=16#postid-12446 日文出處 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%BC%8A%E6%9D%B1%E9%95%B7%E5%AE%9F
鈴木重好 Suzuki Shigeyoshi(生年不詳-1635年) 德川家臣,鈴木重時之子。永祿12年(1569),父親.重時在攻打堀江城時戰死,因而繼承了家督。 元龜三年(1572)甲斐武田氏進攻遠江國時,鈴木重好位於三河國八名郡的居城.柿本城遭到從信濃國南下的山縣昌景率領的別動隊的攻擊,撤退到了叔父.鈴木出雲守所守備的遠江井伊谷的小屋山城。但是,小屋山城也遭到山縣軍團的進攻而陷落,於是重好撤退到了德川家本城.濱松城。 之後,德川家臣.井伊直政恢復了舊領,重好與近藤秀用、菅沼忠久一同成為井伊家臣。天正十二年(1584),在小牧.長久手之戰中,在奪得一番槍的直政面前打響了名號。慶長七年(1602),為了建造井伊氏的居城.彥根城而辛勤工作。 慶長十年(1605),讓位給嫡子鈴木重辰並隱居。元和四年(1618),德川秀忠命令他出仕水戶德川家,於是他帶著孫子長松丸(後來的鈴木重政)赴任,得到了5千石領地,成為了水戶的家老。 寬永十二年(1635),重好在水戶去世,戒名慈照院殿華翁宗春居士。 此外,嫡子重辰在寬永十一年(1634)突然去世,家業由重辰之子長松丸(後來的鈴木重政)繼承。 作者 Rixhelieu 譯文出處 https://www.nobuwiki.org/forum/topic/招募人物誌日文翻譯人員/?part=16#postid-12443 日文出處 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%88%B4%E6%9C%A8%E9%87%8D%E5%A5%BD
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岡部元信 Okabe Motonobu(生年不詳-1581年) 岡部久綱之子、母不詳;通稱五郎兵衛,別名長教、元綱、真幸。 元信為駿河守護今川義元的重臣,在由太原雪齋和尚指揮下與「尾張猛虎」織田信秀衝突的三河「小豆阪之戰」及「安祥城之戰」中,都有傑出的軍功表現,為善戰之勇者。永祿三年(1560年),已統領駿河、遠江、三河的義元,率領大軍出征尾張,當時信秀已病亡,由織田信長繼承家業。擔任今川前鋒軍隊的將領中,除了負責運送糧草至大高城的松平元康(德川家康)以外,還有負責鎮守最前線鳴海城的岡部元信。 同年,當今川義元在「桶狹間之戰」遭到織田信長突襲而死的消息傳開來之後,今川軍因指揮官敗亡而四散逃亡時,只有元信的孤軍繼續死守鳴海城而沒有撤退,並再三擊退氣焰高漲而來犯的織田軍。信長遭遇這個意外的抵抗,便派使與元信交涉,元信表示除非信長將義元的首級歸還,否則寧願戰死也絕不棄城退卻,信長有感於其義心,加上義元的首級已無利用價值,便命人將義元首級置入棺木中,由元信一路守護棺木返回駿河。義元之子今川氏真,非常感謝元信的堅持,特別褒揚其「忠心無與倫比」,並加封領地。 包括元信在內的今川家重臣,原本都期待今川氏真能出兵討伐織田信長以報父仇,但氏真走不出今川義元率領大軍出征竟然敗死的陰影,對於再度出征尾張存有疑慮及不安,態度消極,眼見軟弱無力的氏真不足以擔當大任,今川家的家臣團也逐漸分崩離析,有人與甲斐的武田信玄暗通款曲,有人則是倒向相模的北條氏康,甚至有人與新興勢力的三河德川家康互為勾結。當信玄破壞甲相駿三國同盟而揮軍駿河時,幾乎未遇到激烈的抵抗,今川家的許多家臣都投靠了武田家。永祿十一年(1568年),元信也轉而投效信玄麾下,成了武田家駿河先方眾的首腦人物之一。 元龜四年(1573年),武田信玄病逝後,武田勝賴繼承父親的事業,繼續與織田、德川的同盟對抗,勝賴佔領了連其父親信玄生前亦無法攻陷的遠江要衝之高天神城,特別選派元信擔任高天神城的城主,鎮守遠江,以防備位處遠江濱松城的德川家康,足見勝賴對於老將元信的信賴。 自從天正三年(1575年),武田勝賴在「長篠之戰」遭到織田、德川聯軍擊敗之後,德川家康開始反攻,雖然多次入侵,遭到元信的反擊。於天正八年(1580年),家康決定在高天神城周圍興建城寨,監視高天神城並逐步進逼,長達多年的圍攻,高天神城已經陷入斷糧危機,而勝賴正與北條氏政對陣,無暇救援,家康乃下命全面總攻擊。在攻擊前夕,元信召集眾將開會,其悲壯地表示當初進入本城時,就沒有生還的打算,決定死守城池以報信玄、勝賴的二代恩義。而後德川軍進行攻城,戰事激烈,元信以下的城兵多數戰死,元信被大久保忠教家臣討取。 德川家康於戰後特地將元信的首級送至安土城給織田信長檢視。原本與元信同為今川家前鋒的家康,以及感念元信義心而將今川義元首級歸還的信長,在檢視背棄今川家而投靠武田家並因此殉死的元信首級時,或許也會有世事無常的感嘆吧! 作者 Thbobo 出處 http://thbobo.pixnet.net/blog/post/31401429
鮭延秀綱 Sakenobe Hidetsuna(1563年-1646年) 佐佐木貞綱之子,鮭延氏為近江源氏佐佐木氏的庶流,尊宇多天皇之子敦實親王為遠祖。 在二十代當主佐佐木綱村時,開始侍奉出羽仙北小野寺氏,於最上川畔岩花一帶構築居城擔當小野寺氏南進的先鋒。永祿六年(1563年)父親貞綱擔任家督時,配合上杉謙信溯最上川攻打與上杉家叛將本庄繁長聯合的庄內大寶寺氏(武藤氏),但被武藤義增擊敗,退回真室內町,以鮭川左近的鮭延城為居城,並改以地名鮭延為姓氏。戰後為了乞和,於是將次子秀綱當作人質送入武藤家。因此,秀綱年少時期都在敵人武藤家中度過。武藤氏由義增長子義氏繼任當主後,秀綱回到鮭延城並接替父親成為鮭延城主,秀綱深知身處亂世唯有增強自己的實力才是自保之道,於是多次整頓城防。 天正九年(1581年),鮭延城遭到最上義光的家臣氏家守棟攻打,在分家庭月城的庭月廣綱被氏家守棟勸降後,秀綱失去援力亦告臣服。天正十三年6月(1585年),最上義光派遣重臣氏家守棟攻進庄內飽海郡時,秀綱寫信成功勸降武藤家的來次氏秀,使氏家守棟順利奪下飽海郡。翌年5月小野寺義道率6000兵進攻最上領,最上義光親率一萬最上軍迎擊,兩軍在有屋卡遭遇,最上軍被小野寺軍伏擊折損了數千兵士。最後是義光長子最上義康率領800精兵反擊,此戰中秀綱跟楯岡滿茂大為活躍,將小野寺軍擊退。 天正十八年(1590年),豐臣秀吉出兵小田原北條氏,最上義光應邀出兵正式從屬豐臣家,不但得到本領安堵,更獲得了屬於小野寺家領地增田、湯澤的代官任命權,使義光得到謀奪小野寺家上浦郡的藉口,暗中密令秀綱及楯岡滿茂積極部屬上浦攻略。文祿元年(1591年),秀吉發起朝鮮侵略,同時最上義光派秀綱和楯岡滿茂出兵上浦郡,率先攻打八口內。先鋒秀綱雖然成功擊破八口內的領主八口內定冬,但是也因為八口內定冬的死命拖延,為小野寺爭取時間能整合援軍,使秀綱再難討好而退兵。文祿四年(1595年),在楯岡滿茂攻打小野寺家的湯澤城時擔任先鋒,討取八口內的領主八口內定冬。 慶長五年(1600年),關原之戰爆發之際,呼應石田三成的直江兼續率領二萬四千大軍攻打最上家領有的村山郡,秀綱擔任援軍和楯岡光直、清水義親協助志村光安於長谷堂城抵禦上杉軍(長谷堂城之戰),在野戰時甚至一度逼近直江兼續的本陣,戰後被直江兼續讚譽:「鮭延之武勇、令人想起信玄、謙信」。在西軍戰敗的情報傳來後,直江兼續領兵撤退,秀綱擔任最上軍先鋒追擊,攻下酒田城。後來參與圍攻西軍的小野寺家橫手城時也立下軍功,戰後加封真室城,擁有一萬一千五百石的領地。 最上義光死後,由次男最上家親繼位,秀綱與新關久正、楯岡光直等重臣身為家中主流派活躍,但是家親早逝,繼承人嫡子最上義俊,頗無才能,於是以楯岡光直為首的秀綱、新關久正等重臣派支持改立義光四男山野邊義忠為新當主,最上氏頓時分裂並引發騷動,因而在元和八年(1622年)被將軍德川秀忠以內亂不休為由改易至近江大森一萬石,秀綱下野。 元和九年(1623年),秀綱在幕府老中土井利勝的招攬下帶同14名家臣遠赴下總國佐倉出仕土井家,並在寬永十年(1633年)4月隨利勝轉封至古河。 正保三年(1646年)病逝於古河,年八十四歲。 出處 https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%AE%AD%E5%BB%B6%E7%A7%80%E7%B6%B1
松平信康 Matsudaira Nobuyasu(1559年-1579年) 德川家康的長子、母為今川義元姪女.築山殿、正室為織田信長之女.德姬,側室為淺原昌時之女、日向大和守時昌之女;幼名竹千代、通稱岡崎三郎、別名次郎三郎,受織田信長偏諱「信」字,名為信康。 信康幼年作為今川氏的人質在駿府度過,不過在桶狹間之戰後,德川軍以俘虜鵜殿氏長、鵜殿氏次交換,信康前往岡崎城居住。 永祿五年(1562年),父親家康和織田信長的清洲同盟成立。在永祿十年(1567年)5月與信長的女兒德姬結婚,兩人都是9歲並以夫婦的形式在岡崎城生活。 同年六月,家康把居城移往濱松城,把岡崎城讓給信康。在7月元服時,從信長接受偏諱「信」字。元龜元年(1570年)正式成為岡崎城的城主。 信康自小就勇猛果敢,在天正元年(1573年)完成初陣。 天正三年(1575年)的長篠之戰中以大將身份參戰,之後在與武田氏的戰役中獲得軍功受到注目。特別在天正五年(1577年)8月,遠江橫須賀之戰中的退卻戰中擔任殿軍,令武田軍不能越過大井川,率領岡崎眾輔助家康。 天正七年(1579年)8月3日,家康到訪岡崎城,翌日信康離開岡崎城並被移至大濱城。之後信康被移至遠江的堀江城、二俁城,在9月15日被家康命令切腹,年21歲。 信康切腹的事件在『三河物語』中有詳細的記述。根據此書記載,信長的女兒德姬和跟今川氏有關係的築山殿不和,與信康的關係都相當差,天正七年(1579年),德姬向父親信長寫了12項事情的信書,並拜託德川家重臣酒井忠次作為使者送信給信長。信中包括了自己與信康不和及築山殿與武田勝賴內通的事情。信長質問使者忠次,忠次完全沒有庇護信康並確認書信所寫的是事實。結果,信長要求家康讓信康切腹。 在德川家中反對把信康處死的人有很多,甚至有家臣主張破棄與信長的同盟關係。信康的傅役平岩親吉想負上責任,要求把自己的首級送給信長。但是家康判斷形勢後,認為這些小手段不能平息信長的怒火,於是決定處決信康。8月29日,首先是築山殿被護送前往二俁城(守將是大久保忠世)途中,在佐鳴湖湖畔被德川家家臣岡本時仲和野中重政殺死。之後的9月15日,事件發生以來一直被幽禁在二俁城的信康被命令切腹。介錯是服部正成,但是正成無法向信康揮刀,最後由負責檢死的天方道綱介錯。 關於切腹的原由有諸多說法,包括父子不和、家中派系鬥爭、與家臣團對立等。 出處 https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%9D%BE%E5%B9%B3%E4%BF%A1%E5%BA%B7
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